Cars’ kill 30 times more in Ethiopia than United States of America.
The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that the African region has the highest RTA-related mortality rate in the world (24.1 per 100,000 population vs. 10.3 per 100,000 in Europe), and that 38% of these deaths occurring among ”vulnerable road users ” (i.e. pedestrians and cyclists) Additionally, estimates in Ethiopia of the number of persons killed or seriously injured following RTAs are 30 times higher than that of the United States of America. The impact of RTAs on Africa has been noted to be related to a lack of road safety standards and regulation of elements such as speed reduction and the use of protective equipment such as helmets, which can lead to increased severity.
Although road traffic accidents are a major global public health problem, most of it occurs in low- and middle-income countries including Ethiopia. Pedestrians and passengers of commercial vehicles are the most vulnerable in Ethiopia, whereas in high-income countries crashes involve primarily privately owned vehicles with the driver being the main car occupant injured or killed. In the United States of America, for instance, 60% of the fatalities account to car drivers, while in Ethiopia, 5% account to drivers. This implies that in one crash the number of people killed or injured in Ethiopia is about 30 times higher than in the US. This study aims at identifying the main causes of the problem; and at giving recommendations based on the findings. It focuses on Ethiopia’s road traffic accidents magnitude, causes and possible interventions. The Haddon Matrix, which explains injuries in terms of factors (Host-Agent – Environment) and also in terms of a time sequence (Pre-crash, Crash, Post-crash), was used to classify the key determinants of road traffic accidents in Ethiopia and also used to make the analyses. Poor road network; absence of knowledge on road traffic safety; mixed traffic flow system; poor legislation and failure of enforcement; poor conditions of vehicles; poor emergency medical services; and absence of traffic accident compulsory insurance law have been identified as key determinants of the problem. There is currently no national policy on the prevention of road traffic accidents; however, there are draft strategies on road safety. Road traffic accidents are a huge public health and development problem in Ethiopia. Its current situation requires a high level political commitment, immediate decisions and actions in order to curb the growing problem. Otherwise, it will get worse from day-to-day as motorization and population increase rapidly.
There are a lot of stakeholders for these high number of road traffic accidents and the increased loss of valuable human life in Ethiopia. I personally think old cars, drivers personal behaviors and them being reluctant in addition to most drive with drug abuse like Khat the popular drug in Ethiopia are some of the reasons in addition to the lack of standard asphalt non timely management of the road. Also to mention illegal corruption of the traffics assigned to the road.
Please add some more that you feel are responsible!